Yoland Smith got his PhD in Neuroscience from Laval University (Quebec, Canada) in 1988. After postdoctoral trainings in Oxford and Johns Hopkins University, he became Assistant professor in the Department of Anatomy at Laval University. Since 1996, he holds a faculty position at the Yerkes Primate Center of Emory University (Atlanta, GA). He has published over 250 manuscripts on the anatomy of the basal ganglia and the pathophysiology of Parkinson’s disease. He is editor of prestigious journals in the field of Neuroscience, serve on NIH study sections and sit on the Advisory board of the Dystonia Medical Research Foundation. He is deeply involved in graduate education as principal investigator of various NIH training grants and previous director of the graduate neuroscience program at Emory University.